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About Nuremburg

The history of Nuernberg (“nourenberg” = rocky hill) officially commences in 1050, with the release of the bondswoman Sigena from serfdom, an imperial document issued by emperor Henry III. South of the castle rocks an irregular settlement grew up. As a center of long distance trade and crafts Nuernberg flourished, charity foundations were established and the wealth provided a fantastic climate for the arts. Emperor Charles IV , who spent several months at a time in Nuernberg, decreed in the so-called “Golden Bull” in 1356 that each newly elected German emperor should hold his first Imperial Diet in Nuernberg.

In 1424 Nuernberg was designated as the location for the safe-keeping of the imperial jewels and the imperial relics. The Free Imperial City was at it's zenith. This European metropolis developed to a center of German humanistic (Celtis, Pirckheimer, Schedel) sciences, arts and sculpture. Martin Behaim designd the first globe, Peter Henlein invented the first pocket watch, the publisher and printer Koberger employed up to 100 people at a time, and with Hans Sachs and Hans Rosenplüt, the poetry of the Meistersingers reached it's peak. Works of art of highest European level were created by the wood carver Veit Stoß, the sculptor Adam Kraft, the Vischer's, a brass founder family and the painter Albrecht Dürer. The city, with 40 000 citizens at that time, fell into decline after the thirty year war and with the discovery of new trade routes by sea way . This “sleeping beauty sleep” lasted until the industrial age when the first German train drove from Nuernberg to Fuerth. In 1945 the “Deutschen Reiches Schaftzkästlein” ( the Treasure Chest of the German Empire) was reduced to rubble. The rebuilding program was massive and lasted a long time.

Nowadays, however, it is quite possible again to imagine the importance and power of this former “Capital of the Middle Ages”: Centrally located, In the heart of this city with thousands of citizens, one finds patrician homes, impressive churches, the imperial castle and a five-kilometer wall encircling the old town. Significant institutions such as the Germanische Nationalmuseum, important cultural events, international trade fairs and conventions attract millions of visitors every year. Tourism flourishes above average thanks to an excellent hotel and restaurant offer combined with a perfect transportation system, providing 40 flights and 77 IC/ICE train connections daily.


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