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About Derry

Emigration via Derry began in the 18th century and was one of the reasons for the growth of the city as a major port over the following years. In the 19th century two major industries commenced in Derry, shipbuilding and shirt manufacturing. Along with the existing distilling and bacon-curing industries, these confirmed the importance of Derry as a trading port worldwide.

After World War I the shipyard closed, the distilling industry declined and the border with southern Ireland was created which cut Derry off from part of its natural hinterland. During the Second World War Derry was one of the major naval bases used by the Allied troops in the Battle of the Atlantic.

Derry has not escaped the civil unrest which overtook Northern Ireland for almost 30 years. Many tragic events occurred in that time and the city's infrastructure and buildings were greatly affected. However, the local council and the people themselves worked tirelessly to retain their spirit and rebuild their city. It is a testament to their strength of character and visionary approach that Derry today is the vibrant cultural and economic capital of the North West region.

It is the second largest city in Northern Ireland. Situated on the banks of the scenic Foyle estuary, 115 km from Belfast, it has a population of over 100,000 people spread on both sides of the River Foyle. Its convenience to County Donegal in the Republic of Ireland and to the Antrim Coast makes it an ideal base for the tourist. Derry has a lot to offer the visitor who wishes not only to explore its rich historical background but to enjoy all the amenities of a modern city.


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