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Trieste

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About Trieste

Trieste is a beautiful maritime town, located on the border with Slovenia and overlooking the Gulf of Trieste, which is an arm of the Adriatic Sea. It has the third largest port in the Mediterranean and a population of just over one quarter of a million people.

The city has a rich history and preserves interesting Roman, Medieval and neo-classic monuments. In the 17th and 18th centuries it began developing into a truly cosmopolitan and ethnically diverse city under the direction of Karl VI and his daughter Mary Therese.

The building of a deep water port in the 18th century meant that Trieste was the only sea port of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This fact, together with its tax-free policy, led to an influx of entrepreneurs and merchants from all over the world, while Mary Therese's policy of religious tolerance allowed the different religious communities to practice openly and build their own places of worship. Following the collapse of the empire after the first world war, Trieste was united with the rest of Italy and became increasingly provincialised from then on. It became annexed by the 3rd Reich during the Second World War and eventually came back under Italian rule in 1954.

Today, Trieste is a great place to unwind and enjoy yourself with plenty of oppurtunities for sightseeing and relaxing. The coast to the west of the city offers a variety of sandy beaches and the rocky shore in the suburb of Barcola is often used by the locals as a place to enjoy the sun. Further inland from Trieste is the Grotta Gigante, which is the largest accessible cave in the world. The city has several museums, theatres and places of interest all within easy reach of each other. The food in the area is fantastic with numerous cafes and restaurants offering an abundance of seafood, local cheeses, excellent wines and rich coffees.

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